Taking into account the fact that buildings constitute the largest end-use energy consuming sector, the design and development of solutions targeted at reducing their energy consumption based on the adoption of energy efficient techniques and the active engagement of citizens/occupants is considered crucial. Innovative solutions have to be implemented upon properly understanding the main energy consuming factors and trends, as well as properly modeling and understanding the citizens’ behaviour and the potential for lifestyle changes.
The ENTROPY project addresses this challenge by building upon the integration of technologies that facilitate the deployment of innovative energy aware IT ecosystems for motivating end-users’ behavioural changes and namely: (1) the Internet of Things that provides the capacity for interconnecting numerous devices and applying energy-efficient communication protocols, (2) the evolvement of advanced Data Modelling and Analysis techniques that support the realization of semantic models and knowledge extraction mechanisms and (3) the Recommendation and Gamification eras that can trigger interaction with relevant users in social networks, increase end users’ awareness with regards to ways to achieve energy consumption savings in their daily activities and adopt energy efficient lifestyles as well as provide a set of energy efficient recommendations and motives.
Novel practices that fully integrate information collected from a set of sensor networks and mobile crowd sensing activities are going to be exploited along with processes for monitoring, reporting and analysing sets of data with regards to energy consumption and the behavioural profile of citizens. The engagement and inclusion of end users will be strongly supported upon the development of a set of serious games and personalised applications.
The designed IT ecosystem is planned to be validated in three pilot sites. Based on the results and in collaboration with the industry, evolvement of new sustainable business models is envisaged building upon the design of cleanweb solutions.
- ENTROPY aspires to significantly contribute to i) the reduction of energy consumption and ii) the reduction of micro-generated energy losses. ENTROPY aspires to motivate end-users’ behavioural changes towards the adoption of energy efficient lifestyles. It aspires to provide energy related information to end users, triggering interaction with relevant users in social networks (e.g. users in a specific area within a city), increasing their awareness with regards to highlighting ways to achieve energy consumption savings in their daily activities and adopt energy efficient lifestyles. Thus, systemic energy consumption and emissions reductions will be achieved.
- Accelerate wide deployment of innovative ICT solutions for energy efficiency. ENTROPY will design and deploy an innovative IT ecosystem for motivating end-users’ behavioural changes towards the adoption of energy efficient lifestyles. ENTROPY will exploit IoT technologies for the proper and energy efficient interconnection of a heterogeneous set of sensor nodes (e.g. smart energy meters, sensors interacting with microgeneration infrastructure, sensors in smart phones) and the application of proper communication networking schemes with regards to data collection. A plethora of energy efficient innovative ICT solutions can be developed and delivered upon this context, exploiting the project results, and more specifically the aggregation of energy consumption data from various sources. In addition, ENTROPY will deliver personalised mobile applications and games targeted at providing energy related information to end users, triggering interaction with relevant users in social networks, increasing their awareness with regards to ways to achieve energy consumption savings in their daily activities and adopt energy efficient lifestyles as well as providing a set of recommendations and motives based on advanced processing of the available information. Additional added value applications and services can also be delivered through the platform, stimulating collaboration and interaction among end users and targeting at behavioural changes towards the achievement of greater energy efficiency.
- Greater consumer understanding and engagement in energy efficiency. The specific impact is twofold, and ENTROPY strongly addresses both aspects. On the one hand it regards provision of information, and on the other hand it regards user engagement. With regards to provision of information, ENTROPY aims at aggregating and providing to the users energy consumption and energy efficiency information from various sources, along with associated costs. The provision of the aforementioned information enables end users to extract meaningful analytics based on the available data, detect anomalies and proceed to corrective actions, thus strongly promoting their engagement in energy efficiency. In order to further intensify this engagement, ENTROPY provides to the end users a set of recommendations and motives based on advanced processing of the available information, paving the way for energy consumption and emission reduction on a daily basis. ENTROPY will develop and deliver a set of innovative recommendation and serious gaming applications stimulating collaboration and interaction among end users and targeting at behavioural changes towards the achievement of greater energy efficiency. Taking into consideration that micro-generation contributes to energy consumption reduction from other sources, but is also associated with lowering costs, citizens are provided with an additional incentive to become further engaged with energy efficiency. ENTROPY will engage citizens via empowering them to manage their buildings’ energy consumption, making them primary actors rather than observers and to motivate long-term and sustainable behavioural change towards the adoption of energy efficient mechanisms
Reduction of generated renewable energy losses. In the cases of truly smart, truly interconnected energy grids, the energy generated from renewable sources is transferred back to the grid. However, this is not the case with most energy grids currently operating at pan European level, where significant percentage of the energy generated from renewable sources is not optimally exploited, as it could. Towards combating this and achieving optimal renewable energy production exploitation, ENTROPY aspires to facilitate automated energy consumption data collection through the aggregation of data streams generated from sensor networks and smart meters, real-time monitoring and analysis of all energy consumption data, as well as disaggregation and processing of data from a household’s consumption, clients’ relevant behaviour, weather and utility demand and supply information. The aggregation and analysis of this information will in turn facilitate the provision of recommendations with regards to the more efficient utilisation of renewable energy, projections on the timeframes during which the renewable energy production peaks, and what this implies in terms of economic benefits, including personalized retrofit suggestions and tips with estimated cost and return on investment. ENTROPY will facilitate the identification of energy “black holes” and will promote the adoption of energy saving behaviours, while aiding utilities manage peak demand efficiently. It will facilitate personalized behavioural analysis and consumption disaggregation, thus providing individuals with tailor made efficiency insights and motives to adopt greener behaviours, creating powerful new opportunities to address the world’s critical resource challenges, leading to more efficient energy use, accelerating the adoption of clean technologies and spreading more sustainable behaviours globally.
The two main pillars of sustainable energy consumption are energy efficiency and renewable energy use. All actors involved in the value chain of energy production and consumption bear a huge responsibility to reduce their contribution to the current energy crisis in the context of energy-aware economies. Energy efficiency is a global issue and it cannot be solved by unilateral approaches. It is a multidisciplinary challenge combining several issues related to science, technology, information technology, ecology and common sense. Nevertheless, energy efficiency is likely to be a significant contributor to cutting carbon emissions by 2020 and the ICT sector is pivotal in reaching those goals. Commission President José Manuel Barroso made this clear at the CeBiT conference by underlining that “…the real gains will come from ICT as an enabler to improve energy efficiency across the economy. ICT matters for energy reduction, especially in transport and the energy intensive sectors. ICT’s ability to organise and innovate is a key factor”.
The main objectives of ENTROPY include:
- to design, implement and validate an innovative IT ecosystem for motivating end-users’ behavioural changes towards the adoption of energy efficient lifestyles;
- to design and implement innovative ICT solutions targeting at aggregation of energy consumption data from various sources by exploiting IoT technologies, mobile crowd sensing mechanisms and advanced networking concepts;
- to conceptualize, mathematically formulate and implement an optimization and recommendation framework with regards to energy consumption and optimal use of energy resources;
- to conceptualize and implement an energy data analytics framework with regards to energy consumption, energy efficiency and associated costs, enabling end users to extract meaningful analytics based on the available data, detect anomalies and proceed to corrective actions;
- to develop a set of innovative serious games and personalised applications stimulating collaboration and interaction among end users and targeting at behavioural changes towards the achievement of greater energy efficiency, as well as increase of their environmental awareness;
- to engage citizens via empowering them to manage their buildings’ energy consumption, making them primary actors rather than observers and to motivate long-term and sustainable behavioural change towards the adoption of energy efficient mechanisms;
- to provide personalized behavioural analysis and consumption disaggregation
The ENTROPY consortium combines multidisciplinary competences and resources from the academia, industry and research community focusing on the energy efficiency, micro-generation, sensors and smart metering networking, behavioural change and gamification domain.